This lesson will teach you the months and seasons in German.
The words for the seasons are as follows:
Winter der Winter
Spring der Frühling
Summer der Sommer
Fall der Herbst
If you want to say “in spring, in summer,” etcetera, you can use the word “im” for “in.” Im simply goes before the season.
For example: Es ist kalt im Winter. This means, “It is cold in winter.”
The months are as follows:
January Januar (Yahn-yoo-are)
February Februar (Feh-brew-are)
March März (Mehrz)
April April (Ah-pril)
May Mai (My)
June Juni (Yoo-knee)
July Juli (Yoo-lee)
August August (Auw-goost)
September September (Zep-tem-ber)
Oktober Oktober (Ok-to-ber)
November November (No-vem-ber)
December Dezember (Day-zehm-ber)
As you can see, the months are really similar to their English counterparts. Some of them even have the exact same spelling; they are just pronounced a little differently.
In order to say “in December, in October,” etcetera, you use “im” just like with the seasons. If you want to say “on December 17th,” you have to use “am” instead of “im.”
Mein Geburtstag ist am siebzehnte Dezember. (My birthday is on December 17th).
(Note: This sentence would normally be spoken like the sentence above, but be written like this: Mein Geburtstag ist am 17. Dezember.)
Notice how the number changed from siebzehn (17) to siebzehnte (17th) because it is being used as a date. Numbers and their forms will be taught in the next lesson.
Mein Geburtstag ist im Winter.
My birthday is in the winter.
The above sentence is an example of when it is appropriate to use “im” instead of “am.”