Lesson 12: Present Tense for Irregular Verbs in German

A few lessons ago we learned how to build Present Tense for regular verbs. It seemed pretty easy because each verb followed s simple standard pattern and received an ending that could easily be remembered. Now, if there are regular verbs you are right to suggest that there are irregular verbs, too. And Building Present Tense for them can become a little bit more challenging, though surely not impossible.

Now, let’s first remember how to build Present Simple Tense (Präsens) for regular verbs: You take the verb’s stem and add a personal ending to that. The endings you learned before can easily apply to irregular verbs as well.

One more time  here are personal pronouns that you must know really well by now.

ich I
du You (informal)
er/sie/es He/she/it
wir We
ihr You
sie / Sie They/You (formal)

The endings pattern is the following:

ich e
du st
er/sie/es t
wir en
ihr t
sie / Sie en

Now, let’s discuss irregular verbs. There are a few categories/types of such verbs. Today we will talk about two of them.

1. Stem-changing verbs (or Strong Verbs)

These verbs are conjugated using the pattern provided above. The only difference will be the change of the letter/sound in the stem in the du- and  er-form.

There can be the following types of stem changing.

  • a > ä

fahren (to drive)

ich fahre
du fährst
er/sie/es fährt
wir fahren
ihr fahrt
sie / Sie fahren
  • au > äu

laufen (to run)

ich laufe
du läufst
er/sie/es läuft
wir laufen
ihr lauft
sie / Sie laufen
  • e > i

sprechen (to speak)

ich spreche
du sprichst
er/sie/es spricht
wir sprechen
ihr sprecht
sie / Sie sprechen
  • e > ie

sehen (to see)

ich sehe
du siehst
er/sie/es sieht
wir sehen
ihr seht
sie / Sie sehen

2. Other irregular verbs

There are verbs in German that are conjugated based on an individual pattern. One of such verbs you already know. This is the verb ‘sein’ (to be).

ich bin
du bist
er/sie/es ist
wir sind
ihr seid
sie / Sie sind

The others are haben (to have), werden (to become), wissen (to know).

ich habe werde weiß
du hast wirst weißt
er/sie/es hat wird weiß
wir haben werden wissen
ihr habt werdet wisst
sie / Sie haben werden wissen

Below you will find a list of a few irregular verbs. Please conjugate them based on the stem vowel and its change pattern.

Nehmen, lesen, essen, gebe, sprechen, fahren, raten, laden, halten, tragen, waschen

Please fill in the table with correct form of verbs (Please leave the last column as it is because we have not yet discussed the modal verbs)


 

This entry was posted in Learn German. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Lesson 12: Present Tense for Irregular Verbs in German

  1. Amelia says:

    no existe el cableado esa no es ina palabara alemana

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>